ahJk; CNu ahtUk; NfsPh;  Yātum Ūrē Yāvarum Kēlīr

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
         
  ,yq;if> njd;dpe;jpah Kjy;; rPdh - [g;ghd; tiuahd fy;ntl;Lf;fs;; typAWj;Jgitfs; vit?  
 


tPuNrhopak; ciuE}ypy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l nkhopfspd; mbg;gilapYk;> mk;nkhopr; nrhw;fisj; jkpo;g;gLj;J gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpl;ljpd; mbg;gilapYk;> ngUe;;Njtd; fpof;Nf rPdh> [g;ghd;tiu nrd;W tho;e;jpUf;fNtz;Lk;> mk;nkhopfis Muha;e;jwpe;jpUf;fNtz;lk; vd;w Kbtpd; fPo;> ,g;gFjpfspy; fhzg;gl;l jkpo;f; fy;ntl;Lf;fis Muha;e;;Njhk;. mf;fy;ntl;Lf;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;litfs;> ,yq;ifAlDk;> ngsj;jj;JlDk; njhlHghditfshff; fhzg;gLk; mNjNtisapy;>fpof;F ehLfspy; milahsq;fs; (
symbols) ,y;yhJ fhzg;gLk; jkpo;f; fy;ntl;Lf;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;litfs;> symbols cld; fhzg;gLk; jkpof> njd;dpyq;ifj; jkpo; fy;ntl;Lfs; Fwpg;gpLfpwtw;iwf; Fwpg;gpLtjhYk;> ,f;fy;ntl;Lf;fspd; symbols ngsj;jj;JlDk;> Gj;jngUkhDlDk; njhlHghditahf ,Ug;gjhYk;> fpof;F ehLfspd; jkpo;f; fy;ntl;L vOJifAld; ,yq;ifapd; xU jkpo; ngsj;j Nju mwpQd; njhlHghdjhf ,Ue;Js;shd; vd;gJ cWjpahfpwJ.

NkYk;> mg;ngsj;j jkpo;j; Njud;> Gj;jngUkhidAk;> ngsj;jj;ijAk; vg;gbnag;gb ngsjPfhpjpahf milahsg;gLj;jyhk; vd;gij tpQ;QhdhPjpahf Muha;e; jwpe;jpUe;jhd; vd;gij ,f;fy;ntl;Lf;fspy; fhzg;gLk; symbols cWjpg;gLj;JtJld;@ jkpo;> kw;Wk; ,yf;;fpaq;;fs;> mg;ngsj;j jkpo;j; Njud;> ,yf;fpa hPjpapYk; Gj;jngUkhidAk;> ngsj;jj;ijAk; vg;gb milahsg; gLj;jyhk; vd;gij tpQ;QhdhPjpahf Muha;e;J> ,yf;fpaq;fis ,aw;wpapUe;jhd; vd;gijAk; cWjpg;gLj;JfpwJ.

jdJ jha; nkhopahd jkpio> ,j;Njug; Gytd; jdJ capiug;Nghy; Nerpj;jpUe;jhd; vd;gij mtdJ ,yf;fpaq;fSlhf cWjpg;gLj;jKbfpwJ. Mjyhy;> mtd; jhd; nrd;w ,lnky;yhk; jkpo;nkhopapd; ,yr;rpidg;gjpj;Nj te;Js;shd;.

J}ufpof;F tiuAk;> Nkw;F ehLfSf;Fk; gazk; nra;J nkhopfs;> Vidaitfis Muha;e;Js;s epiyapy;> ,e;jj; jkpo;g; ngsj;j Njud;> rPdh kw;Wk; nkhopfisj; jdJ jha; nkhopAld; ,izj;J xU fy;ntl;bidj; njd;dpyq;ifapy; vOjpapUf;fNtNtz;Lk;. mg;gbahdnthU fy;ntl;L njd;dpyq;ifapy; fz;L mwpaTk;gl;Ls;sJ.

,yq;ifapy; fz;lwpag;gl;l rPd> jkpo;> ghurPf nkhopfspy; vOjg;gl;l fy;ntl;Lf;fs;;

njd;dpyq;iapy; jkpo;> ghurPf> rPd nkhopfs; %d;wpYk; vOjg;gl;l fy;ntl;lhdJ> 1911Mk; Mz;by;> fhyp khfhzj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghf ,Ue;j H. F. Tomalin vd;w nghwpapayhsuhy; fhyp gl;bdj;jpy; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

4 mb 9 mq;Fy ePsKk;> 2 mb 6 mq;Fy mfyKk;> 5 mq;Fyj; jbg;Gkhd fw;gyifapdpy;> 3 mb 8 mq;Fy ePsKk;> 2 mb  3 mq;Fy mfyKk; nfhz;l gug;gstpy; rPd> jkpo;> ghurPf nkhopfspy; 3 fy;ntl;Lf;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,f;fy;ntl;lhdJ> ,d;W nfhOk;G njhy;;nghUsfj;jpy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,e;j ePs; rJuf; fw;gyifapy;; rPd vOj;jpyhd fy;ntl;;L 10 mq;Fy mfyj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; fhzg;gLtJk;> ghurPf. jkpo; vOj;Jf; fy;ntl;Lf;fs; Vida gFjpfspy; fhzg;gLtJk;> xd;iwNa typAWj;Jfpd;wd: ,e;j %d;W nkhopf;; fy;ntl;Lf;fSk;> xNu Neuj;jpy;> Fwpg;gpl;l xUtuhy;jhd; vOJtpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. 

,e;j %d;W nkhopfspd; xUq;fpizg;ghdJ>; md;iwa tuyhw;W> kw;Wk;; Muha;thsHfs; kj;jpapy; ngUk; gugug;ig Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ. ,e;j %d;W nkhopfSk; vg;gb> ahuhy;> Vd; xd;wpizf;fg;gl;Lf; fy;ntl;Lfs; vOjg;gl;ld vd;gJ jhd; mtHfSf;nfOe;j Kf;fpa Nfs;tpahFk;. ,tw;iwawpa Muha;thsHfs; %d;W nkhopfspd; fy;ntl;Lf;fspYk; vitfs; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd vd;gij mwpa Kw;gl;ldH. Jujp\;ltrkhf> %d;W nkhopfisAk; njhpe;j xU Muha; thsUk; ,yq;ifapy; ,y;yhj epiyapYk;@ fy;ntl;Lf;fspy; $wg;gl;bUg;gitfis jpirjpUg;gy;fs; ,y;yhJ mwpa Kw;gl;bUe;j epiyapYk;> ntt;NtW nkhopf; fy;ntl;Lf;fisAk; ntt;NtW Muha;thsHSlhf

Muha;e;;jwpa Kw;gl;bUe;jdH.

Mdhy;> rPd vOj;Jf; fy;ntl;bid Vw;fdNt       vd;gtUk;@ ghurPf nkhopf; fy;ntl;bid  vd;gtUk;@ jkpo; nkhopf; fy;ntl;bid njd;dpyq;ifauhd guztpjhdTk; Muha;e;J thrpj;jdH. rPd nkhopf; fy;ntl;L thrpg;G mbg;gilapy;> mf;fy;ntl;lhdJ fp. gp. 1409Mk; Mz;by; vOjg;gl;lJ. mjpy; Gj;jUf;F G+i[> jhdk; nra;jik gw;wpf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ghurPf nkhop thrpg;G KbTk; mg;gbNa tug;gl;lJ. Mdhy;> jkpo; nkhopf; fy;ntl;L thrpg;ghdJ “Tenavarai Nayinār”,f;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l jhdk; gw;wpaJ.  

,e;j Kd;W nkhopfSk; xd;WNruf; $ba epiyf;Ff; fhuzkhf ,yq;ifapy; xNuNahUtd;jhd; ,Ue;jpUf;f KbAk;. mtd;jhd; fpNuf;f nkhopiaAk;> muG nkhopiaAk;> rpq;fsk;> [hth – Rkhj;jpuh gFjp nkhop fisAk; mwpe;jpUe;jtdhd ngUe;Njtd; MFk;.

NkYk;> ngUe;Njtd; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s gpw Nja nkhopfspy;> jkpofk;> ,yq;if vd;git gw;wpf; $Wk; ,yf;fpaq;fs;> NtW E}y;fs; vOjg;gl;Ls;sdth vd;git fSk; Muhag;glNtz;Lk;.

,J vk;ik> INuhg;gpa> muG> [hth –Rkhj;jpuh> kw;Wk; Njr nkhopfspd; ,yf;fz E}y;fs;> ,yf;fpaq;fs; vd;gitfisj; jkpo;; ,yf;fz E}y;fs;> ,yf;fpaq;;f SlDk;> rk];fpUj ,yf;fpaq;fSlDk; xg;gpl;L Muha epHg;ge;;jpf;fpwJ.

xl;Lnkhj;jj;jpy;> ,yf;fpa Ma;T> nkhopaha;T> Vidaitfs;;> jw;NghJjhd; tpQ;Qhd hPjpahf Muhag;gLk; epiy cUthfpwJ. ,J kWf;fg;glKbahj njhd;W. 

8. jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fSk;> ngUe;Njtd;fSk;:   

jkpo;g; GytHfSs; ngUe;NjtdhH vd;w ngaH MdJ> Muha;thsHfSf;Fg; ngUk; gpur;ridahf ,Ue;Jte;J cs;sJ. ,d;Wk; mJjhd; cz;ikepiy.

jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fspd; Xiyfspy; ,Ue;J> ,Jtiuapy; ehd;F ngUe;Njtd;fs; milahsq; fhzg;gl;Ls;sd. mitahtd:

1.       fLFg; ngUe;Njtd;@

2.       ftprhfug; ngUe;Njtd;@

3.       ghujk; ghba ngUe;Njtd;@

4.       tPuNrhopak; ciuahrphpaH ngUe;Njtd;.   

,tw;Ws; fLFg; ngUe;Njtd; vd;gtH ew;wpiz-83> FWe;njhif-255> mfk;-51 vd;gitfis ,aw;wpapUe;jhH vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,q;F vOk; Kf;fpa Nfs;tp vd;dntd;why;> “fLF ngUe;Njtd;” vd;gjpy; “fLF” vd;gJ vjidf; Fwpf;fpwJ vd;gjhFk;. ,jidr; rhpahf mwpahtpl;lhy;> fLF ngUe;Njtd;; gw;wpr; rhpahf mwpa KbahJ Ngha;tpLk;.

fLF vd;gJ ngUe;Njtdpd; ,lj;jpidf; Fwpf;fpwJ vdf; nfhz;lhy;> fLF vd;why; vd;d vd;w Nfs;tp vOfpwJ. fLF vd CH jkpofj;jpy; ,Ue;Js;sjh vd;w Nfs;tpAk; ,q;nfOfpwJ.

jkpo; mfuhjpfspy;> “fL” vd;gjw;F: frg;G> bitterness@ fLf;fha; kuk;@ ache, be angry@ pass swiftly@ eQ;R@ Ks;@ ghk;G@ Kjiy@ a kind of purgative drug@.... vdnty;yhk; jug; gl;Ls;sJ.

“fL” vd;w xU nrhy; ,g;gbnay;yhk; NtWgl;l nghUs;fis vg;gbf;; Fwpf;fpwJ vd;gJ Mr;rhpakhfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy;> rpj;jhtj;ij cjaFkhH nkhopf; Nfhl;ghl;bidg; (1998) gpuNahfpj;jhy;> ,g;gpur;rid Rygkhfj; jPHf;fg;gl;LtpLk;. Nfhl;ghl;bd;gb> fL vd;gJ: “ntWik nfhz;bUf;Fk; both physical and non physical activation capHg;G jd;ik”ahFk;.

,e;jj; jd;ikia ehk; jkpo; mfuhjpfs; je;jpUf;Fk; nghUs;fspYk; milahsk; fhzyhk;> NtW gytw;wpYk; milahsk; fhzyhk;. ,j;;jd;ikia ehk; ntz;ik> nghd;ik> Gdpj jd;ik vd;gitfspYk; milahsk; fhzyhk;.

“F” vd;gJ ntWik capHg;G jd;ikahFk;. ,ij mirT> Movement@ CH@ nea;; vd;gitfspYk; milahsk; fhzyhk;> NtW gytw;wpYk; milahsk; fhzyhk;.

,e;jepiyapy;>“fLF” vd;gJ: ntz;Z}H> ntz;nza;;> ey;Y}H vdTk; tUk;.

jkpo;; mfuhjpfspy; “fLF” vd;gjw;F: Iatp> mustard; pass swiftly vdj; jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

vJtpjj;jpYk;> “fLF ngUe;Njtd;”; vd;gJ: “ntz;;nza; ngUe;Njtd;” vd;whfpwJ. ,J Rit ahdJ. ,e;jg; ngUe;Njtd; vd;gtd;> fk;gd;> Re;juH> nka;fz;lNjtH> VidNahHfs; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s ntz;nza; vd;gJld;jhd; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;shd;.

NkYk;> ,e;jg; ngUe;NjtDf;F nkhopfspd; nrhy; - nghUs; njhlHG tpsf;fKk; ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,e;jepiyapy;> ,e;jg;; ngUe;Njtd;jhd;> ntz;nza; vd;w ,lk; Kf;fpa khfkhdjhff; fUjpa tPuNrhopak; ciuahrphpad; ngUe; Njtdh vd;w Nfs;tp ,q;F vOfpwJ. ,J> rq;f E}y;fs;> ,yf;fpaq;fs; njhlHghf ehk; Vw;fdNt te;jpUe;j KbTfSld; xd;Wfpd;wJ> Kuz;gltpy;iy!

ehk; ,uz;lhtJ ngUe;Njtdhd ftprhfug; ngUe;Njtd; vd;gtid vLj;jhy;> me;jg; ngUe;Njtd; jpUts;Stkhiyapy;“ G+tpw;Fj; jhkiuNa nghd;Df;Fr; rhk;Gdjk;..” vd;w ghl;;bidg; ghbajhff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

“rhfu” vd;;gJ> rKj;jpukhFk;. mg;gbahapd;> ftprhfu vd;gJ ftpr; rKj;jpukhFk;. Mdhy;> ,q;nfOk; Nfs;tp vd;dntd;why;> ,e;jg; ngUe;Njtd; ftpr; rKj;jpukhf ,Ue;jNghJk;> mtd; xNunahU ghl;bidj;jhd; ghbAs; shNdad;wp> mtd; ,aw;wpa fhg;gpaq;fs;> kw;Wk; ,yf;fpaq;fs; vjidAk; fhz KbahJs;sJ. ,itfs; vy;yhk; mope;Jtpl;ld vd thjplTk; KbahJ.

,e;jepiyapy;> ftprhfu ngUe;Njtd; vd;gJ ngUe;NjtNd. ,e;jg; ngUe;Njtd;jhd; jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs;> E}y;fis ,aw;wpapUe;Js;shd;. me;jg; ngUe;Njtd;jhd; ntz;nza; vd;w ,lj;jpw;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;Js;s tPuNrhopa ciuahrphpad; ngUe;;Njtdh vd;w Nfs;tp kPz;Lk; vOfpwJ.

mLj;J “ghujk; ghba” ngUe;Njtid vLg;Nghk;. ,e;jg; ngUe;Njtd;jhd; rq;f ,yf;fpaj; njhFg;Gfs; gy tw;wpw;Ff; “flTs; tho;j;J” ghbapUe;jjhff; $wg;gLfpwJ.

Mdhy;> Nre;jd; jpthfuj;jpd; njhFjpfs; Kbtpy; ,Uf;Fk; ghl;Lf;fs;> ,uhkhazk;> ghujk;> Vida jkpo;> rk];fpUj ,yf;fpaq;fs; E}y;fisr; Nre;jd;jhd; ,aw;wpapUe;jhd; vdf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJld;@ NtW jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fSk;> jkpo; Gytd; xUtdhy;jhd; ,aw;wg;gl;ld vdf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jepiyapy;> ,q;F ghujj;ijAk; ngUe;Njtd;jhd; ,aw;wpapUe;jhd; vdf; $wg;gLfpwJ. ,JTk;> vkJ Kd;ida KbTfSld; xd;wpj;jhd; nry;fpwJ.

Mdhy;> ghujkhdJ jkpopy; ghlg;gl;L ,Uf;Fk; xNunahU ,yf;fpak;jhd; vkf;Ff; fpilj;Js;sJ. mJjhd;> tpy;ypGj;J}H Mo;thH ghujk; MFk;. ,J vg;gb? ehk; ntz;nza;apidr; NrHe;j ngUe;Njtd;; vd;gtd;jhd; ,yf;fpaq;fis ,aw;wpapUe;jhd; vd;w KbTf;F tUk;NghJk;@ ghujj;ijg; ngUe;Njtd; ghba jhf typAWj;Jk; tifapy; ghujk; ghba ngUe;Njtd; gw;wp ,yf;fpaq;fspy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sNghJk;> jkpopy; tpy;ypGj;J}H Mo;thH ghba ghujNk vkf;Ff; fpilj;J cs;sJ!

,J> kPz;Lk;> vk;ikr; nrhy; - nghUs; njhlHG tpsf;fj;jpidg; gpNahfpf;f epHg;ge;jpf;fpwJ. ehk; “tpy;yp Gj;J}H” vd;why; vJ vd;gijAk;@ “Mo;thH” vd;gJ vd;ndd;d nghUsfisf; Fwpf;Fk; vd;gijAk; MuhaNtz;bAs;sJ.

tpy;ypGj;J}H vd;why; vd;d vd;gij mwptjhapd;> ehk; “tpy;yp” vdgJk;> “Gj;J}H” vd;gJk; vtw;iwf; Fwpf;f KbAk; vd;gij mwpaNtz;bAs;sJ. Gj;J}H vdgJ GJit MFk;. MfNt> Gj;J}H vd;gjw;F tpsf;fj;jpid Vw;gLj;jpdhy;> GJit vd;gjw;Fk; tpsf;fj;jpid Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhs;s KbAk;. mg;gbahdhy;> “ghujp” gw;wpAk;; rhpahf mwpa KbAkh?

“tpy;;yp” vd;gJ> Great, ngUk;; vd;gijAk; Fwpf;Fk;@ xspkakhdtiuAk; Fwpf;Fk;> NtW gytw;iwAk; Fwpf;Fk;.  ,e;jepiyapy;> tpy;ypGjJ}H vd;gJ> ngUk;Gj;J}H MFk;@ tpy;ypahjd; vd;gJ> Nguhjd; MFk;. mg;gbahdhy;> ,e;NjhNdrpahtpy; ngUk; ngsj;;jj; njhy; Nfhapy; mike;Js;s Boru Buddur vd;gJ> ngUk;Gj;J}H MfpwJ. ,J kpfTk;; RitahdJ. mg;gbahdhy;> jkpofg; ngsj;jj;jpw;Fk;> ,e;NjhNdrpahg; ngsj;jj;jpw;Fk; neUq;fpa njhlHG ,Uf;fNtz;lk;. ,Jgw;wp Muhag;gl Ntz;Lk;. vJtpjj;jpYk;> “tpy;yp” vd;gJ> “jpU” vd;gJ cld; nkhopapay; hPjpapy; xd;Wk;.

vJtpjj;jpYk;;> “Gj;J}H” vd;why; vd;d? xd;wpypUe;J Njhd;Wk;> cz;lhFk; caHr;rp jd;ikahd CH> Gj;J}H mFk;. mNjNtisapy;> ntz;ik> nghd;ik> Gdpjj; jd;ik> great, sacredness> kw;Wk; gy “Gj;” jd;ikahFk;. “CH” jd;ikapid> ehk; nea;> kw;Wk;; gytw;wpy; fhzyhk;. MfNt> Gj;J}H vd;gJ: ntz;nza;> NgUH> GdpjT+H> MiwefH> ey;Y}H> ntz;Z}H>…. vdg;; gythwhf tUk;. ,e;jepiyapy;> tpy;ypGj;J}H vd;gJ: jpUntz;nza;> ngUk;Gj;J}H> jpUntz;fhL>… vdnty;yhk; tUk;.

“Mo;thH” vd;gJ: Njtd;> nghpNahd; vdnty;yhk; tUk;. MfNt> “tpy;ypGj;J}H Mo;thH” vd;gJ> jpUntz;nza; Njtd; vd tUk;.

MfNt> ghujj;ijj; jkpopy; ntz;nza; ngUe;Njtd; ,aw;wpapUe;jhd;! MfNt> ghujk;ghba ngUe;NjtDk;> ntz;nza; ngUe;NjtNd> fLFg; ngUe;NjtNd> ftprhfug; ngUe;NjtNd!

vJtpjj;jpYk;> GJitg; ghujp cz;ikapy;> ntz;nza; ghujp> Gj;J}H ghujp MFk;;! “ghujp” vd;gJ> “ghuj; + ,” MFk;. njd;dpyq;ifapy; xU ghujp> Gj;jngUkhidg; Nghw;Wk; rpw;wpyf;fpaj;ijf; fp. gp. 15Mk; E}w;whz;by;; rk];fpUj nkhopapy;; ,aw;wpapUe;jjhfr; rpq;fsj; J}Jr; rpw;wpyf;fpak; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJ. jdpg;ghlw;wpul;L vd;w njhifE}ypy;> gy ghujpfs; ghba ghl;Lf;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.

“ghujp” vd;gJk;> nghpNahd;> Njtd;; vd;gitfisj;jhd; Fwpf;Fk;.

,e;jepiyapy;> “GJit ghujp”  vd;gJ> “ntz;nza; Njtd;” vd;gJld; xd;Wk;. ,J vk;ik> fp. gp. 20Mk; E}w;whz;Lg; ghujpAk;> ntz;nza; ghujpAk; fyf;fg;gl;L> ntz;;nza; ghujpapd; (Njtdpd;) ghl;Lf;fs; gy fp. gp. 20Mk; E}w;whz;Lg; ghujpapd; ghl;Lf;fshfg; gpioahfr;; NrHf;fg;gl;L tpl;ldth vd;w Nfs;tpia vOg;gitf;fpd;wd .Fapy; ghl;L> kw;Wk; gy Muhag;glNtz;bait ahFk;! ,f;fUj;Jr; rpyUf;F ,uj;jf; nfhjpg;gpid Vw;gLj;jyhk;. Mdhy;> mwptpaiyg; nghWj;jkl;by;> ghl;Lf;fs; gpioahff; fyf;fg;gl;bUg;gjw;Fr; re;jHg;gq;fs; ngUkstpy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. MfNt> ,d;W ghujpapd; ghl;Lf;fs; vdj; njhFf;fg;gl; bUg;gitfs; Muhag;gl;L> rhpahd KbTf;F tUtNj mwpTilikahFk;.

Xl;Lnkhj;jj;jpy;> ntz;nza; ngUe;NjtNd jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs;> E}y;fis ,aw;wpapUe;j k`hahz jkpo;g; NguwpQg; Gytdhfpwhd;. m.tdJ fhyk; fp.gp. 14> 15Mk; E}w;whz;Lfisr; NrHe;jjhfNt ,Uf;fKbAk;. Vnddpy;> xU jkpo;r; rq;fkhdJ fp. gp. 1307 vd;gJld; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lJNghy;> njd;dpyq;ifg; NguhrphpaH guztpjhd 1964Mk; Mz;by; ,yq;ifg; gy;fiyf; fof nkhopapay; mikg;gpd; jiytH NgUiuapid ,yq;ifg; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpd; NguNjdpa tshfj;jpy; elhj;jpaNghJ Fwpg;gpl;bUe;j njd;dpyq;iff; fy;ntl;Lf;;fspy; $wg;gLgitfis Muha;e;jhy;> ,e;j ntz;nza; ngUe;Njtd; vd;gtd; fp.gp. 1460fspYk; tho;e;Js;shd; vd;gij cWjpg;gLj;jKbAk;.

A. S. Uthayakumar B. Sc. (Mech. Eng.)
www.tamilresearchandnews.com

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
     

 
     

1  2  3  4  5  6  7   

 
 
 

Copyright © 2004  www.tamilresearchandnews.com, All Rights Reserved.